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Simple Java Program to Append to a File in HDFS

Latest reply: Dec 22, 2021 12:53:24 351 1 2 0 0

Hello, everyone!

This post is about a simple Java program to append to a file in HDFS,  hope it helps you.

In this article, I will present you with a Java program to append to a file in HDFS.

I will be using Maven as the build tool.

First, we need to add Maven dependencies in the pom.xml.

Now, we need to import the following classes:

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;

We will be using the hadoop.conf.Configuration class to set the file system configurations as per the configuration of the Hadoop cluster installed.

Let's now start with configuring the file system:

public FileSystem configureFileSystem(String coreSitePath, String hdfsSitePath) {
FileSystem fileSystem = null;
   Configuration conf = new Configuration();
    conf.setBoolean("", true);
     Path coreSite = new Path(coreSitePath);
    Path hdfsSite = new Path(hdfsSitePath);
  fileSystem = FileSystem.get(conf);
   } catch (IOException ex) {
     System.out.println("Error occurred while configuring FileSystem");
   return fileSystem;}

Make sure that the property in hdfs-site.xml is set to true.

You can either set it manually by editing the hdfs-site.xml file or programmatically using:

conf.setBoolean("", true);

Now that the file system is configured, we can access the files stored in HDFS.

Let's start with appending to a file in HDFS.

public String appendToFile(FileSystem fileSystem, String content, String dest) throws IOException {
   Path destPath = new Path(dest);
   if (!fileSystem.exists(destPath)) {
       System.err.println("File doesn't exist");
       return "Failure";
   Boolean isAppendable = Boolean.valueOf(fileSystem.getConf().get(""));
   if(isAppendable) {
       FSDataOutputStream fs_append = fileSystem.append(destPath);
       PrintWriter writer = new PrintWriter(fs_append);
       return "Success";
   else {
       System.err.println("Please set the property to true");
       return "Failure";

To see whether the data has been correctly written to HDFS, let's write a method to read from HDFS and return the content as a String.

public String readFromHdfs(FileSystem fileSystem, String hdfsFilePath) {
  Path hdfsPath = new Path(hdfsFilePath);
  StringBuilder fileContent = new StringBuilder("");
    BufferedReader bfr=new BufferedReader(new        InputStreamReader(;
       String str;
       while ((str = bfr.readLine()) != null) {
   }catch (IOException ex){
    System.out.println("----------Could not read from HDFS---------\n");
return fileContent.toString();

After that, we have successfully written and read the file in HDFS. It's time to close the file system.

public void closeFileSystem(FileSystem fileSystem){
   try {
   catch (IOException ex){
       System.out.println("----------Could not close the FileSystem----------");

Before executing the code, you should have Hadoop running on your system.

You just need to go to HADOOP_HOME and run following command:


For the complete program, refer to my GitHub repository.

Happy coding!

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Admin Created Dec 22, 2021 12:53:24

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