AR router troubleshooting guide: The state of an MP-Group interface cannot be Up

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For the problem that the state of an MP-Group interface of an AR router is not Up, see the troubleshooting guide. For details, access the URL in the right column.

Other related questions:
The ppp-mp interface of an AR router cannot be connected
MP problems of AR routers can be located based on the following roadmap: 1. MP interfaces transmit data by packets, which cannot be modified. 2. AR routers only support the binding of interfaces of the same card. If the binding cannot be performed on cards equipped with two E1 interfaces, perform it on cards equipped with eight E1 interfaces. 3. Focus on member interfaces when locating MP interface problems because most MP interface problems are caused by the member interfaces. 4. In products with earlier versions, out-of-order problems occur on MP interfaces, which results in the stalling of videos. Use products with V200R0003 and later versions. If the state of the E1 interface of an AR router is not Up, check whether the state of the member E1 interface is not Up. If the E1 interface of an AR router cannot communicate with other devices properly, check whether packet losses occur on the member E1 interface.

Can the E1 interface of an AR router interconnect with MP-group interfaces
The E1 interface of an AR router cannot interconnect with MP-group interfaces. The network works properly only when the configurations of the interfaces on both interconnected ends are consistent.

The state of the E1 interface of an AR router is not Up
If the state of the E1 interface of an AR router is not Up, perform the following steps: 1. If the physical state of the interface is not Up, check the physical cables. - If coaxial cables are used for the communication between devices, exchange the sending cable and receiving cable. - If balanced cables are used for the communication between devices, check whether line order of the cables is correct. The line order of the DB9 connector on the card: Line 1 and line 2 are the receiving lines. Line 6 and line 7 are the transmitting lines. The line order of the RJ45 connector used by balanced cables: Line 1 and line 2 are the transmitting lines. Line 4 and line 5 are the receiving lines. 2. Check whether the configuration of the E1 interface is consistent with that of the interconnected physical interface. - Enter the Controller interface view and run the display this command to check the configuration of the Controller interface. - Check whether the physical attributes of the Controller interfaces on both ends are consistent, such as the frame format, coding format, data inversion, cable impedance, and timeslot number. - The clocks at both ends must work in master/slave mode. - If the configurations of the interfaces are not consistent, or the state of the interface alternates between Up and Down, configure the interfaces on both ends again. - If the configurations of the interfaces on both ends are consistent and meet the requirements above, and if the physical state of the interface keeps Up stably, perform step 3. 3. Check whether the configurations of the serial interfaces on both ends are consistent. - Enter the serial interface view and run the display this command to check the configuration of the serial interface. - Check whether the attributes of the serial interfaces on both ends are consistent, such as the encapsulation and CRC methods. If the PPP authentication method is used, check whether the authentication methods used by both ends are consistent, whether the user names and passwords are correct, and whether the FR-DLCI configurations are consistent. In addition, check whether the serial interfaces are shut down. - If the configurations of the serial interfaces on both ends are not consistent, configure the serial interfaces again. - If the interface cannot send and receive data properly even if the configurations of the serial interfaces on both ends are consistent, perform step 4. 4. Check whether the serial interfaces transmit and receive data. - Enter the views of the serial interfaces and run the display this interface command to check whether the serial interfaces on both interconnected ends transmit data. - If the serial interfaces do not transmit data, the negotiation packet in the upper layer is not sent properly. In this case, try to run the shutdown command or undo shutdown command to trigger the sending of the negotiation packet in the upper layer. - If the serial interfaces transmit and receive data, perform step 5. 5. Check whether the data transmitted or received by the serial ports includes error packets. - Enter the views of the serial interfaces and run the display this interface command to check whether the data received by the serial interfaces on both interconnected ends includes a large number of CRC error packets and whether the number of error packets increases. - If the data received by the serial interfaces includes a large number of CRC error packets, check whether the cables are connected firmly. For the problem that the state of an E1 interface of an AR router is not Up, see the troubleshooting guide. For details, access the URL in the right column.

The physical state of a serial interface is Up but the protocol state of the interface is Down
For the problem that the physical state of a serial interface is Up but the protocol state of the interface is Down, see the troubleshooting guide. For details, access the URL in the right column.

How to configure the MP-Group of E1 interfaces of AR routers

MP indicates the Multi-Link Point-to-Point Protocol (MLPPP), in which multiple PPP links are bound together. MP binding is often performed in scenarios where a 2 Mbit/s E1 dedicated line cannot meet the service requirements.
MP interfaces transmit data by packets. AR routers only support the binding of interfaces of the same card.

system-view
[Huawei] interface mp-group 0/0/1 //Create an MP-Group interface and enter the view of the interface.
[Huawei-Mp-group0/0/1] undo discriminator //(Optional) Disable the terminal endpoint identifier negotiation function which is enabled by default. You can disable the function when the interface cannot interconnect with the devices of other manufacturers.
[Huawei-Mp-group0/0/1] ip address 192.168.0.1 24 //You can run the ip address ppp-negotiate command to allow the peer end to allocate the IP address generated through PPP negotiation to the interface.
[Huawei-Mp-group0/0/1] interface serial 2/0/0 //Enter the view of the specified physical interfaces (PPP type)
[Huawei-Serial2/0/0] ppp mp mp-group 0/0/1 //Add the physical interface. You can repeat this step to add multiple interfaces.
[Huawei-Serial2/0/0] restart //Restart the related physical interfaces.

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