How to resolve the problem that the protocol state is not Up after an SA card interconnects with an E1 card

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In scenarios where an SA card interconnects with an E1 card on the peer end through a protocol converter (such as CHANNEL-BANK), the protocol state can be Up after the SA card interconnects with the E1 card only when both the protocol converter and the E1 interface are set to unchannelized mode.

Other related questions:
Interconnection of the E1 card of AR routers
Methods of connecting the E1 interface of an AR router to other devices using cables are described as follows: Devices of operators provide the BNC connector in general while AR routers provide the DB9 female connector (cards with 1 interface or 2 interfaces) or the RJ45 connector (cards with 4 or 8 interfaces). The connection methods are as follows: - BNC connectors of operators' devices -- connectors of coaxial cables -- (BNC connector on the customer end -- E1 cables -- DB9 male connectors) -- DB9 female connectors of routers - BNC connectors of operators' devices -- connectors of coaxial cables -- (BNC connector on the customer end -- E1 cables -- RJ45 connectors) -- RJ45 connectors of routers Cables with BNC and DB9/RJ45 connectors are used.

When an SA card connects to an E1 card, the protocol status cannot become Up. How do I solve the problem
When an SA card connects to an E1 card through a protocol converter such as CHANNEL-BANK, the protocol converter and E1 interface must be configured to work in unchannelized mode before the protocol status becomes up.

The state of an E1 interface is not Up when the interface interconnects with the peer device
For the problem that the state of an E1 interface of an AR router is not Up when the interface interconnects with other devices, see the troubleshooting guide. For details, access the URL in the right column.

The state of the E1 interface of an AR router is not Up
If the state of the E1 interface of an AR router is not Up, perform the following steps: 1. If the physical state of the interface is not Up, check the physical cables. - If coaxial cables are used for the communication between devices, exchange the sending cable and receiving cable. - If balanced cables are used for the communication between devices, check whether line order of the cables is correct. The line order of the DB9 connector on the card: Line 1 and line 2 are the receiving lines. Line 6 and line 7 are the transmitting lines. The line order of the RJ45 connector used by balanced cables: Line 1 and line 2 are the transmitting lines. Line 4 and line 5 are the receiving lines. 2. Check whether the configuration of the E1 interface is consistent with that of the interconnected physical interface. - Enter the Controller interface view and run the display this command to check the configuration of the Controller interface. - Check whether the physical attributes of the Controller interfaces on both ends are consistent, such as the frame format, coding format, data inversion, cable impedance, and timeslot number. - The clocks at both ends must work in master/slave mode. - If the configurations of the interfaces are not consistent, or the state of the interface alternates between Up and Down, configure the interfaces on both ends again. - If the configurations of the interfaces on both ends are consistent and meet the requirements above, and if the physical state of the interface keeps Up stably, perform step 3. 3. Check whether the configurations of the serial interfaces on both ends are consistent. - Enter the serial interface view and run the display this command to check the configuration of the serial interface. - Check whether the attributes of the serial interfaces on both ends are consistent, such as the encapsulation and CRC methods. If the PPP authentication method is used, check whether the authentication methods used by both ends are consistent, whether the user names and passwords are correct, and whether the FR-DLCI configurations are consistent. In addition, check whether the serial interfaces are shut down. - If the configurations of the serial interfaces on both ends are not consistent, configure the serial interfaces again. - If the interface cannot send and receive data properly even if the configurations of the serial interfaces on both ends are consistent, perform step 4. 4. Check whether the serial interfaces transmit and receive data. - Enter the views of the serial interfaces and run the display this interface command to check whether the serial interfaces on both interconnected ends transmit data. - If the serial interfaces do not transmit data, the negotiation packet in the upper layer is not sent properly. In this case, try to run the shutdown command or undo shutdown command to trigger the sending of the negotiation packet in the upper layer. - If the serial interfaces transmit and receive data, perform step 5. 5. Check whether the data transmitted or received by the serial ports includes error packets. - Enter the views of the serial interfaces and run the display this interface command to check whether the data received by the serial interfaces on both interconnected ends includes a large number of CRC error packets and whether the number of error packets increases. - If the data received by the serial interfaces includes a large number of CRC error packets, check whether the cables are connected firmly. For the problem that the state of an E1 interface of an AR router is not Up, see the troubleshooting guide. For details, access the URL in the right column.

Can an E1-F card interconnect with an E1-M card
An E1-F card can interconnect with an E1-M card in the following scenarios: - The E1-M card works in E1 mode and the E1-F card works in unframed mode. - The E1-M card works in CE1 mode and the E1-F card works in framed mode. In addition, the E1-M card creates only one channel set, and the timeslots that are bound to the channel on the E1-M card are the same as those on the E1-F card.

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