Definition of Internal (external) DataSource

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A DataSource inside the Hadoop system is called an internal DataSource, such as the HDFS and HBase; a DataSource outside the Hadoop system is called an external DataSource, such as the SFTP server, relational databases, and NFS server.

Other related questions:
What is an internal network
Subnets in a VPC are on the Layer 3 network. An internal network is a Layer 2 network that can manage network plane on an ECS and provide the IP address management and DNS service. All IP addresses of ECSs on a subnet of an internal network belong to this subnet. By default, all ECSs on the subnets of the same internal network can communicate with each other over Layer 2. However, the ECSs cannot perform Layer 3 communication with each other through the internal network. A subnet in an internal network can be any network segment.

An internal user cannot access the internal server through the public address
An intranet user cannot use a public address to access an intranet server. Use the following method: 1. Check whether services on the intranet NAT server are running properly. 2. Check whether the NAT server is configured correctly. 3. Check the connection between the external host and NAT server and the configurations of the connected interfaces. 4. Check that the intranet NAT server is configured with the correct gateway address or route.

Configure NAT on the AR router to allow internal hosts to access internal servers using an external IP address
All models of Huawei AR routers in V200R003C01 and later versions allow internal and external users to access internal servers by configuring static NAT. GE1/0/0 on the router connects to the internal network and its IP address is 192.168.1.1/24. GE2/0/0 on the router connects to the external network and its IP address is 11.11.11.1/8. The internal server has an internal IP address 192.168.1.2/24 and an external IP address 11.11.11.6. The internal host at 192.168.1.3/24 wants to access the internal server. The configuration details on the AR router are as follows: 1. Assign IP addresses to interfaces on the router. [Huawei] interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] ip address 192.168.1.1 24 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit [Huawei] interface GigabitEthernet2/0/0 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet2/0/0] ip address 11.11.11.1 8 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet2/0/0] quit 2. Configure a default router to ensure interconnection between internal users and the external network. [Huawei] ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 11.11.11.2 3. Configure internal users to access internal servers. The internal host use 11.11.11.6 to access servers. NAT is implemented through GE1/0/0 and one-to-one NAT is configured on the internal network service only when service requests are initiated from the internal network. [Huawei] acl number 2000 [Huawei-acl-basic-2000] rule 5 permit ip source 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255 destination 11.11.11.6 0 [Huawei-acl-basic-2000] quit [Huawei] interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] nat static global 11.11.11.6 inside 192.168.1.2 netmask 255.255.255.255 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] nat outbound 2000 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet1/0/0] quit 4. Configure external users to access internal servers to ensure that external users use 11.11.11.6 to access internal servers. [Huawei] interface GigabitEthernet2/0/0 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet2/0/0] nat static global 11.11.11.6 inside 192.168.1.2 netmask 255.255.255.255 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet2/0/0] quit

Configure NAT on the AR router to enable external users to access the internal server
The NAT server can be configured on a Huawei AR router to enable external users to access internal servers. A company's network provides the web server for external users. The web server uses internal IP address 192.168.20.2/24 and port 8080. The web server's IP address advertised to external users is 202.169.10.5/24, and external users are on the network segment 202.169.10.2/24. The configuration details are as follows: 1. Assign IP addresses to interfaces on the router. [Huawei] vlan 100 [Huawei-vlan100] quit [Huawei] interface vlanif 100 [Huawei-Vlanif100] ip address 192.168.20.1 24 [Huawei-Vlanif100] quit [Huawei] interface ethernet 2/0/0 [Huawei-Ethernet2/0/0] port link-type access [Huawei-Ethernet2/0/0] port default vlan 100 [Huawei-Ethernet2/0/0] quit [Huawei] interface gigabitethernet 3/0/0 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet3/0/0] ip address 202.169.10.1 24 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet3/0/0] quit 2. Configure a default route on the router and specify the next hop address as 202.169.10.2 [Huawei] ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 202.169.10.2 3. Configure the NAT server on Gigabitethernet 3/0/0 of the router to allow external users to access internal servers. [Huawei] interface gigabitethernet 3/0/0 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet3/0/0] nat server protocol tcp global 202.169.10.5 www inside 192.168.20.2 8080 [Huawei-GigabitEthernet3/0/0] quit

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