How can AP's channels be distributed to avoid or reduce internal and external interference

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Use a cellular channel distribution to avoid channel overlapping. For example, there are only three non-overlapping channels in the 2.4 GHz frequency band: channels 1, 6, and 11. A proper channel distribution can greatly reduce co-channel interference on a WLAN network. Follow these principles when distributing radio channels:
- Use non-overlapping channels in adjacent areas.
- Adjust APs' transmit power to avoid co-channel interference between areas.
- Use a cellular channel distribution so that channels can be multiplexed without causing overlapping coverage areas.

Other related questions:
How can I evaluate influence of co-channel interference on bandwidth on an AP's air interface? How can I avoid interference between devices using the same channel
Co-channel interface is a major factor that reduces an AP's maximum throughput. When APs are placed close to each other, their signals have a large overlapping coverage area, resulting in severe co-channel interference. In this case, APs' maximum throughput decreases greatly. To avoid co-channel interference, adjust APs' transmit power and increase the intervals between APs. You can also use directional antennas and smart antennas to restrict the signal coverage area.

Influence of co-channel interference on APs
Co-channel interface is a major factor that reduces an AP's maximum throughput. When APs are densely deployed, their signals have a large overlapping coverage area, resulting in severe co-channel interference. In this case, the APs' maximum throughput decreases greatly.

Can APs automatically select channels with higher quality? Can they change channels when current channels encounter interference from an electromagnetic wave source such as a microwave oven
Huawei APs support automatic channel selection. However, in large-scale AP deployment, channels are selected before deployment. Changing one AP's channel will cause channel switching on other APs, affecting wireless services on the entire network. Therefore, automatic channel selection is not recommended.

How to detect interference on WLAN networks
You can use Wirelessmon, NetStumbler, or InSSIDer (downloaded for free on the Internet) to check whether there is strong co-channel or adjacent-channel interference near the AP. In general, the interference signal strength should be lower than �?0 dBm. If multiple co-channel or adjacent-channel interference signals exist and the strength is strong, perform network optimization to prevent channel conflicts. If interference sources cannot be determined using a scanning tool, - Check whether wireless devices such as Bluetooth devices, infrared devices, and microwave ovens exist, because non-WLAN devices may cause severe interference to WLAN networks. - Use the interference detection function to further determine the interference source. Radio channels are often affected by the radio environment, and the service quality is therefore degraded. Interference detection allows APs to send alarms to an AC when co-channel, adjacent-channel, or STA interference exceeds the alarm threshold. Interference detection can detect AP co-channel interference, AP adjacent-channel interference, and STA interference. AP co-channel interference: Two APs working at the same frequency band interfere with each other. For example, on a large-scale WLAN (a university campus network), different APs often use work in the same channel. When coverage areas of the APs overlap, co-channel interference exists, degrading network performance. AP adjacent-channel interference: Two APs with different center frequencies have overlapping areas, resulting in adjacent-channel interference. Therefore, if APs are placed too close to each other or they have strong signals, bigger noise will be produced, degrading network performance. STA interference: If there are many STAs that are managed by other APs around an AP, services of the STAs managed by the local AP may be affected. The following are alarms for co-channel interference and STA interference. V200R005C10: WLAN/4/AP_COMMON_FREQUENCY_DISTURB: OID [oid] The co-channel interference exceeds the alarm threshold. (APID=[INTEGER], APID=[INTEGER], RadioID=[INTEGER], APMAC=[OPAQUE], APChannel=[INTEGER], BssId=[OPAQUE], RSSI threshold percent=[INTEGER])//AP_COMMON_FREQUENCY_DISTURB indicates that co-channel interference exists. WLAN/4/STATION_DISTURB: OID [oid] Jam of station is detected notify.(APID=[INTEGER], APID=[INTEGER], RadioID=[INTEGER], APMAC=[OPAQUE], APChannel=[INTEGER], StatMACList=[STRING])//STATION_DISTURB indicates that STA interference exists. V200R006: WLAN/4/AP_COMMON_FREQUENCY_DISTURB: OID [oid] The co-channel interference exceeds the alarm threshold.(APMAC=[OPAQUE], RadioID=[INTEGER], ApName=[OCTET], APChannel=[INTEGER], BssId=[OPAQUE], RSSI threshold percent=[INTEGER]%, APID=[INTEGER])//AP_COMMON_FREQUENCY_DISTURB indicates that co-channel interference exists. WLAN/4/STATION_DISTURB: OID [oid] Jam of station is detected notify.(APMAC=[OPAQUE], RadioID=[INTEGER], ApName=[OCTET], APChannel=[INTEGER], StatMACList=[STRING], APID=[INTEGER])//STATION_DISTURB indicates that STA interference exists.

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