Dustproof requirements for WDM equipment


The operating environment requirements of WDM equipment must comply with IEC 60529 (Degrees of protection provided by enclosures).

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Precautions for DWDM network maintenance
1. Exercise caution and apply proper force to prevent pins on the backplane from bending when removing and reinserting, or replacing a board. If pins are bent, a short circuit may cause service interruption in the system, resulting in huge loss. Wear an ESD wrist strap at all times when touching a board. 2. Before replacing a board, check whether the to-be-inserted board and the to-be-removed board are of the same type, and whether their working features are the same. Because different OTU boards output different optical wavelengths, do not randomly interchange the boards. Use boards of the same type and output optical wavelength for replacement. Optical multiplexer/demultiplexer boards, optical amplifier boards, and optical add/drop multiplexing boards are classified into different sub-categories in terms of working band and working feature. Always use boards of the same type for replacement. 3. When a board is running abnormally, you can perform a warm or cold reset on the board. You can reset the board using either way. Note that the reset operation will adversely affect the communication between the board and the system control board, and may even interrupt the services. Always be cautious if you must reset a board. In the equipment room, you can perform a cold reset by reseating a board. As to the SCC board, you can also press the RST button on the front panel to perform a cold reset. Generally, you are advised to reset a board using the NMS. 4. Periodically clean air filters. Each air filter of a fan tray assembly is equipped with a handle. To remove the air filter, firmly grasp and pull the handle. After removing the air filter, clean it with water and a dry cloth. Then, allow it to dry in an area with proper ventilation. After cleaning the air filter, re-insert it into the fan tray assembly along guide rails at the bottom of the subrack. When pushing the air filter, apply only proper force. Do not shut down the fan power supply. 5. Protect unused optical ports on an OA board with protective caps. This prevents personal injuries and protects optical ports against dust. When a fiber jumper is not used, protect the connectors on both ends of the fiber jumper with protective caps. When removing or inserting optical fibers or performing a line fiber cutover, clean optical fiber connectors and optical ports with dust-free fiber cleaning tissues or fiber cleaning kits. In addition, ensure that the optical power does not deteriorate. 6. Do not look into an optical port without wearing protective glasses to protect your eyes against laser radiation, especially in the case of an OA board, which outputs invisible light with high optical power. 7. When applying a fiber loopback between the receive and transmit optical ports, use an optical attenuator between the two ports to prevent the receiver from being damaged because of excessively high input optical power. 8. During routine maintenance, if you need to adjust the mechanical VOA, note that clockwise adjustment increases the attenuation value and decreases the output optical power, whereas counterclockwise adjustment decreases the attenuation value and increases the output optical power. Because the mechanical VOA has high sensitivity, adjust its attenuation slowly and apply a steady force to avoid an abrupt increase or decrease in the optical power that will affect services, and may even damage the attenuator. 9. A DWDM system is sensitive to optical power. If a fiber jumper is excessively bent or squeezed, the optical power will deteriorate. Always ensure that the bending radius of a fiber jumper inside a cabinet is greater than 4 cm and that of a fiber jumper outside a cabinet is greater than 6 cm. 10. If wavelength switching is required for fault location or emergent service restoration, the transmit and receive wavelengths must be consistent.

Restrictions on the alarm reversion function of WDM equipment
1. The NE software of WDM equipment in each version supports alarm reversion. The alarm reversion has three modes: disabled (no reversion), manual (permanent reversion), and automatic (one-off reversion). 2. Currently, only the R_LOS and MUT_LOS alarms of WDM equipment support reversion, and no other LOS conditions are available. 3. Alarm reversion takes effect only on the NE software. The actual alarm status still exists on boards. Alarms are saved in the blackboxes of boards and can be queried using a PTP command. By running the :alm-set-bsrep:bid,enable command, you can also find that alarms are reported from boards to the NE software.

Processing of transient TF alarms on WDM equipment
The processing rules are as follows: 1. If the TF alarm is reported by TC1 or TC2, directly replace the board no matter whether the alarm is reported transiently or persistently. 2. For 71SC1/71SC2: a. If the TF alarm is transiently reported, upgrade the board software to 1.12 or a later version. b. If the TF alarm persists for 5s or longer, or the alarm is still transiently reported after the board software upgrade, replace the board. Most transient TF alarms can be avoided by software upgrades. 3. E1SC1/SC2: a. If the TF alarm is transiently reported, upgrade the board software to 1.27 or a later version. For versions earlier than 1.27, the workarounds are not complete therefore the board software upgrade cannot avoid this alarm. b. If the TF alarm persists for 5s or longer, or the alarm is still transiently reported after the board software upgrade, replace the board. Most transient TF alarms can be avoided by software upgrades.

Difference between conventional WDM equipment and OTN equipment
Both of them use the DWDM technology. The difference between them lies in that OTN equipment can achieve electrical cross-connection scheduling for various types of services.

Delay for Internet services traversing WDM equipment
It is estimated that a delay of 200 us will be introduced when Internet services traverse each device, and the service multiplexing/demultiplexing on the boards at the transmission ends takes approximately 1 ms. The specific delay needs to be obtained based on the live-network test result.

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