Differences between the three multicast-related routing tables on an S series switch


On an S series switch, the following tables are generally searched for MFIB entries: PIM routing table, multicast routing table, and multicast.
- A PIM routing table contains entries generated by PIM at the protocol layer. You can view source and group information learned by PIM at the protocol layer in a PIM routing table.
- A multicast routing table associates the protocol layer with the MFIB module. Entries at the protocol layer are stored in a multicast routing table before being delivered. Entries stored in the MFIB module must be the same as those stored in the multicast routing table.
- A multicast forwarding table contains entries stored in the MFIB module. The MFIB module stores forwarding entries delivered from the protocol layer in the multicast forwarding table. The forwarding entries are then delivered to the multicast module of a switch. Normally, entries stored in the multicast forwarding table must be the same as those stored in the multicast routing table.

Other related questions:
S series switch routing table specification
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Why are routes in the OSPF routing table on an S series switch in the inactive state
A policy that filters all OSPF routes may be configured in an OSPF process. As a result, all routes in the OSPF routing table are in the inactive state.

Difference between forwarding modes of Layer 2 multicast on an S series switch
After Layer 2 multicast is enabled on an S series switch, the switch maintains a Layer 2 multicast forwarding table. When receiving a multicast packet, the switch matches the multicast address of the packet with multicast forwarding entries to determine the outbound interface. Whether the switch determines the outbound interface based on the multicast IP address or multicast MAC address depends on the configured Layer 2 multicast forwarding mode. Multiple multicast IP addresses may be mapped to one MAC address. If multicast data is forwarded based on the MAC address, multicast data may be sent to the users who do not order the multicast data. MAC address-based multicast forwarding can improve specifications in certain scenarios. Different models support different Layer 2 multicast forwarding modes: - The S1720, S2700SI, S2710SI, S2700EI, S2720, S2750EI, S5700S-LI, and S5700LI support only MAC address-based multicast forwarding. - The S3700SI and S5710-C-LI support only IP address-based multicast forwarding. - The S5700SI supports only IP address-based multicast forwarding in V200R002 and earlier versions, and supports MAC address-based and IP address-based forwarding modes starting from V200R003. - The S3700EI, S3700HI, S5710-X-LI, S5720S-SI, S5720SI, S5700EI, S5710EI, S5720EI, S5700HI, S5710HI, S5720HI, S6700EI, S6720EI, S7700, S9700, S12700, S9300, and E600 support MAC address-based and IP address-based forwarding modes.

What are differences between the multicast and unicast transmission modes for S series switches
Differences between the multicast and unicast transmission modes - In unicast transmission mode, a source sends an independent data packet to each host that requires data. In this mode, the amount of data transmitted on a network is proportional to the number of users who require the data. If a large number of users require the same data, the source must send many copies of the data to these users, consuming high bandwidth on the source and network. - Multicast is a point-to-multipoint (P2MP) data transmission mode. The source sends only one copy of data, and all the hosts that require the data can receive the same data. Other hosts on the network cannot receive the data. In multicast mode, data starts to be copied and distributed on the network node as far from the source as possible. Therefore, the amount of data and network resource consumption will not increase greatly when the number of receivers increases. Disadvantages of multicast transmission - Compared with the unicast mode, the multicast mode has no error correction mechanism, but some fault tolerance mechanisms can be adopted. - Although multicast transmission is supported by existing networks, features such as customer authentication and QoS are not well supported.

Why does an S series switch have a (*,G) entry and an (S,G) entry in the multicast routing table
It is normal that each multicast group has two entries on an S series switch. For ASM multicast services, the (*,G) entry is generated when a switch receives a user request to join the multicast group, and the (S,G) entry is generated when the switch receives multicast data packets for the multicast group. The outbound interface in the (S,G) entry is obtained from the (*,G) entry.

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