Principles of the GPON feature

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GPON uses a single optical fiber to connect an OLT, optical splitters, and ONUs, and transmits data using different wavelengths in the upstream and downstream directions. The wavelengths ranging from 1290 nm to 1330 nm are used in the upstream direction, and those ranging from 1480 nm to 1500 nm are used in the downstream direction.
GPON uses wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) to transmit data in different wavelengths on an ODN network. It uses broadcast in the downstream direction and TDMA in the upstream direction.

Other related questions:
Principles of HSB
The AR supports the HSB function. HSB implementation involves data synchronization and traffic switching. Data synchronization is performed to ensure consistent information on the master and backup devices when the two devices are working normally. Traffic switching is performed to ensure non-stop service forwarding when the master device fails or recovers. The principle for data synchronization is to establish active and standby channels between devices that back up each other. Session entries of the master device can be synchronized to the backup device through the channel at one time, in real time, or periodically. The principle for traffic switching is based on negotiation between the master device and the backup device using VRRP. When the master device fails, a new master device is elected based on VRRP priorities and the traffic is switched to the master device. For details, see “HSB Configuration�?in AR100&AR120&AR150&AR160&AR200&AR1200&AR2200&AR3200&AR3600 V200R008 CLI-based Configuration Guide - Reliability.

Principle of BSSID generation
Centralized BSSID management allows an AC to automatically assign a unique BSSID to each VAP. You only need to configure a carrier ID and an AC ID for an AC. Then the AC automatically assigns a BSSID to each VAP. The BSSID allows you to rapidly locate a VAP on a network. A BSSID is generated based on the AC ID, carrier ID, and WLAN ID.

OTN principles
An OTN is a network consisting of optical NEs that are connected through optical fibers. It can transmit, multiplex, route, manage, monitor, and protect client signals on optical channels. A main feature of the OTN is client independence. That is, the transmission and configuration of any digital signals are irrelevant to the features of a client. OTN has the following advantages over traditional SDH: More powerful forward error correction, Tandem connection monitoring (TCM) at more levels, transparent transmission of client signals, and scalable switching capacity.

What is the working principle of Streaming?
A Streaming topology can be developed and compressed into a JAR file by using Storm APIs or referring to the CQL syntax manual. After the topology is submitted to the Streaming cluster, Nimbus automatically assigns it to the Supervisor node for processing. The topology logs can be viewed on the UI through the port provided by Logviewer.

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