DHCP relay feature of the access network

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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) relay is a process in which DHCP packets are forwarded between DHCP clients and the DHCP server across network segments. This enables the DHCP clients in different physical network segments to obtain dynamically allocated IP addresses from the same DHCP server.

Other related questions:
ARP proxy feature of the access network
When a PC sends an Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) request to another PC, the request is processed by the access device connected to the 2 PCs. This process is called ARP proxy. ARP proxy is often used for communication between the sub virtual local area networks (VLANs) in a super VLAN.

Method used to configure DHCP relay on the AR
When the DHCP server and DHCP clients are on different network segments, the DHCP relay agent can be configured so that the DHCP server can assign IP addresses to the DHCP clients. Procedure: 1. Configure the router # sysname Router # dhcp enable //Enable the DHCP function. # ip pool ip-pool1 gateway-list 10.10.1.1 //Set the gateway IP address. network 10.10.1.0 mask 255.255.255.128 //Specify the range of IP addresses that can be dynamically allocated in the global address pool. excluded-ip-address 10.10.1.2 //Set the IP address 10.10.1.2 that is not assigned automatically in the address pool. excluded-ip-address 10.10.1.4 //Set the IP address 10.10.1.4 that is not assigned automatically in the address pool. dns-list 10.10.1.2 //Configure the IP address of the DNS server for the DHCP client. nbns-list 10.10.1.4 //Configure the IP address of the NetBIOS server for the DHCP client. lease day 10 hour 12 minute 0 //Set the IP address lease to 10 days and 12 hours. domain-name huawei.com //Set the domain name to huawei.com. static-bind ip-address 10.10.1.5 mac-address fc12-2567-ce34 //Assign a fixed IP address to the PC_AD. # ip pool ip-pool2 gateway-list 10.10.1.129 //Set the gateway IP address. network 10.10.1.128 mask 255.255.255.128 //Specify the range of IP addresses that can be dynamically allocated in the global address pool. dns-list 10.10.1.2 //Configure the IP address of the DNS server for the DHCP client. lease day 5 hour 0 minute 0 //Set the IP address lease to 5 days. domain-name huawei.com //Set the domain name to huawei.com. # interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 ip address 10.10.1.1 255.255.255.128 dhcp select global //Configure the global address pool mode. # interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1 ip address 10.10.1.129 255.255.255.128 dhcp select global //Configure the global address pool mode. 2. Verify the configuration. Run the display ip pool command on the router to check the IP address pool configuration.

Configure DHCP relay on S series switch
For S series switches (except S1700 switches), when the DHCP server and clients are on different network segments, you can configure a DHCP relay agent to help the DHCP server allocate network parameters to DHCP clients. For S series switches, the DHCP relay agent configuration is the same on all switch models in all versions. For details, see "Example for Configuring the Device as a DHCP Relay (on the Same Network)" and "Example for Configuring the Device as a DHCP Relay (Across a GRE Tunnel)" in Typical Configuration Examples.

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