Benefits of 5G and huawei

Latest reply: Oct 18, 2019 00:37:39 76 1 2 0

5G Features and Applications

These technological advancements, along with the many others that are still in development, give 5G its main features and applications:

1. High Throughput

5G has a peak data transfer rate of 20 Gbps, which is much faster than the 1 Gbps offered by 4G. It can also support a 100 percent increase in capacity. The high data transfer rates are particularly important to video streaming (8K), cloud VR/AR, high definition live broadcast and panoramic streaming.

2. Real-time

5G is expected to have a latency of less than 1 ms, this is significantly lower than the average 60 ms delay on 4G networks. This instantaneous response time is necessary for autonomous driving (for functions not performed locally), tele-operated driving (where the driver is in a remote location) and platooning (linking vehicles to form a convoy). Remote health care is another application that benefits from low latency. The tactile feedback allows doctors to perform diagnoses and surgeries over the internet with the same precision as real-life.

3. Mobility

Unlike current networks, 5G will offer reliable internet to fast-moving objects, even when travelling at speeds of 500 km/h. This should put to rest any discomfort of cars on highways losing connection while being remotely operated. Connected drones is another application made possible by mobility. These drones can serve a variety of purposes including inspection, security, deliveries etc.

4. Guaranteed QoS

Given its applications in critical functions like health care and driving, 5G needs to have a high QoS (Quality of Service). With technologies like mmWaves, Massive MIMO and Beamforming, the chances of dropped connections are low. Guaranteed QoS is also expected in smart manufacturing facilities and smart cities (connected traffic lights, energy feeders, etc) which rely on connected devices and cannot afford downtime.

5. Massive Connection/Area

A massive connection is a high throughput for a large number of connections over a large geographical area. With 5G being developed for both sub-6 GHz (rural areas) and mmWave frequencies (dense urban areas), almost all areas will be covered without network congestion posing a problem. Massive MIMO will enable multiple high-data demanding devices to function smoothly. Once again, cars stand to benefit from this feature, but applications more in need of this feature include smart manufacturing, smart cities, 8K TV streaming during peak hours and UHD live streaming from large public gatherings (concerts, games).

While these applications might seem fascinating, many more applications of 5G are yet to be discovered.

The Role of Huawei

Now that we have established the basics of 5G and its important applications, it is much easier to understand the role of Huawei.

With the many futuristic applications possible with 5G, countries around the world are vying to lead the way to this new era. And the company that happens to be able to help countries achieve their goal in the cheapest, most efficient and with the highest quality equipment is Huawei.

Huawei owns the highest number of 5G patents. License to these patents will be required by any company looking to implement a standardized 5G network. It has made the most technical contribution to the 5G standard and has the highest attendance in 5G conferences. Huawei’s involvement in these conferences has translated into their key patents being adopted as the industry standard. It has contentiously ensured its “polar codes”, a core standard for 5G, is adopted as the default by 3GPP. It has field-tested 5G in both sub-6 GHz and mmWave frequencies. It has also released smartphones with 5G capabilities ahead of Apple.

The US government has banned the use of Huawei equipment to help build the country’s 5G infrastructure stating that the Chinese company has close ties with the Chinese government and its equipment could be used to spy on foreign powers, which the company has denied. Chinese law also requires all local companies to share any information requested by the government. Given the large scale usage of 5G in the future, the potential spying possibilities have dissuaded countries like the US, Australia (who announced the ban even before any US efforts), New Zealand and Japan from using Huawei’s equipment. But despite the US asking its allies to ban the company, some Asian and some European nations, including the US’s closest ally, the UK, have decided not to. Countries part of the Belt and Road initiative will be reluctant to retaliate against a Chinese company and many European companies already have Huawei equipment powering most of its existing wireless infrastructure, making it expensive to shift to another supplier.

Despite the ban, Huawei is financially doing better than ever before. Last July, the company overtook Apple to become the second largest smartphone maker in terms of global market share. It is the largest telecom equipment manufacturer, overtaking established firms like Ericsson, Nokia and Samsung. The company had a record-breaking financial year in 2018 with revenues touching $107 billion and profits close to $9 billion. The first-quarter revenue of 2019 also saw a 39% rise compared to the previous year.

Huawei’s products are not only said to be 20% cheaper than its rivals but also of higher quality, more efficient and easier to install. If countries pay heed to the spying charges, they should also be ready to pay for more expensive, but inferior equipment from companies like Ericsson, Nokia and Samsung.

To quell some of the spying concerns, Huawei has agreed to open and fund labs in the UK, Germany and Brussels for experts to test the equipment for security flaws. Meanwhile, the US has not publicly provided any concrete evidence backing its spying claims. Although such evidence might be shared among intelligence agencies, it seems unlikely to be substantial because many countries have decided to independently test Huawei equipment. Experts have also suggested that it is fruitless to find backdoors in current equipment, rather the ban is a precaution against future spying possibilities.

The race to be the first to deploy 5G is, in a way, unnecessary. Europe adopted 2G before everyone else, Japan pioneered 3G first and the US led the 4G revolution, but those who entered later in each of these races did not lose. The benefits were shared by all and in many cases, the late-comers implemented better technology than the first-movers.

The spying charges levied against Huawei by the US are also hypocritical. If Huawei has to comply with Chinese law and share information with the government, how is it much different from the many companies that cooperate with the US government as part of the PRISM program and share it with members of the Five Eyes alliance. The Snowden leaks showed that it is equally unsafe to trust a US company. And what about the millions of iPhones and other devices used in the US that are made in China, why is there no security concern regarding these?

The countries that stand to lose from the ban are not the developed nations, but the developing countries who might be pressurized to heed to the US ban request and resort to more expensive, less efficient and highly delayed 5G technology.

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Admin Created Oct 18, 2019 00:37:39 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Thanks for sharing
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