[Expert on-call] MPLS VPN technologies | Q&A event on Wednesday

Created: Apr 8, 2016 19:26:47Latest reply: Apr 13, 2016 16:37:41 2700 11 2 0

Welcome to Expert on-call topic! We give you the opportunity to discuss and ask our expert all the question you like about MPLS VPN technologies.

 

 

 

Our special Guest is Sen Li, Customer Support Engineer at the Huawei Global Technical Assistance Center in Romania.

 

 

 

He has over 5 years of experience in switch expertise:  MPLS, L3VPN, L2VPN, and Routing. He had been working as Switch Research & Development Engineer for 1 years in Huawei Network Product Development Department,  before shifting his career to Maintenance area and start troubleshooting Switch products and systems all over the world. Currently is working as a product engineer for the Network product line in Romania.

 

 

 

Q&A time-window is 08:30 – 10:00 GMT time.  Don’t miss it!

 

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vips     Created Apr 10, 2016 18:10:46 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Where do we need to connect? please share the complete details or a copy of the invite

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StarOfWest  Visitor   Created Apr 10, 2016 18:28:56 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Hello, the Q&A session will be hosted on support forum on this thread and on facebook page.
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l00188222  Visitor   Created Apr 13, 2016 15:18:06 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

hello
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l00188222  Visitor   Created Apr 13, 2016 15:31:01 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Hello everyone, I am Li Sen.

I'm ready to receive your questions!

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StarOfWest  Visitor   Created Apr 13, 2016 15:34:47 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Hi Lisen,

When I'm using "display mpls interface" command I'm able to see a couple of MTU configuration values, can you help to explain what this MTU values means? I mark with bold letters the associated information below:

<HUAWEI>display mpls interface vlanif 100 verbose
No                    :  1
Interface             :  Vlanif100
Status                :  Up
TE Attribute          :  Disable 
Static LSPCount       :  0
Static CR-LSPCount    :  0
LDP LSPCount          :  0
RSVP LSPCount         :  0
MPLS MTU              :  -
Interface MTU         :  1500
Effective MTU         :  1500
TE FRR                :  Disable
Interface Index       :  0xd1
Thank you!
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l00188222  Visitor   Created Apr 13, 2016 15:50:57 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Hi 007,  

This is a good question, I will try to explain.

For Huawei LAN switch the data forwarding is made by ASIC or NP chipset.

For the ASIC CHIP, the switch will not check the MTU, so the MPLS MTU will not be set as we can see into the displayed command. Depending on the frame lenght, the switch will extract the lenght and compare with jumbo frame configuration. If the frame length is higher than configured  jumbo frame value, the switch will discard the frame.

For example S5700 EI has 1600 bytes default value for ethernet frame.

[R5_U24_S5700-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]jumboframe enable  ?                        
  INTEGER<1600-9712>  The max frame length, the default is 1600 bytes          
  <cr>

  To check if the switch discards frames, you can check the jumbo counter when display interface stats:

[R5_U24_S5700-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]dis thi int                                 
GigabitEthernet0/0/1 current state : UP                                        
Line protocol current state : UP                                               
Description:                                                                   
Switch Port, Link-type : trunk(configured),                                    
PVID :  600, TPID : 8100(Hex), The Maximum Frame Length is 1600                
IP Sending Frames' Format is PKTFMT_ETHNT_2, Hardware address is 9017-acb6-a810
Current system time: 2016-04-14 06:20+09:00                                 
Port Mode: COMMON COPPER                                                       
Speed : 100,    Loopback: NONE                                                 
Duplex: FULL,   Negotiation: DISABLE                                           
Mdi   : AUTO,   Flow-control: DISABLE                                          
Last 300 seconds input rate 1032 bits/sec, 1 packets/sec                       
Last 300 seconds output rate 1712 bits/sec, 1 packets/sec                      
Input peak rate 71856 bits/sec, Record time: 2016-04-14 06:20               
Output peak rate 99941088 bits/sec, Record time: 2016-04-14 06:20           
Input:  723618 packets, 87391651 bytes                                         
  Unicast:                     710706,  Multicast:                        1351 
  Broadcast:                    11561,  Jumbo:                               0 
  Discard:                          0,  Pause:                               0 
  Frames:                           0                                          

Back to the our display command, interface MTU refers system MTU or Layer 3 MTU, so it's the maximum IP packet length.

Effective MTU discribe the value of which is smaller between interface MTU and MPLS MTU.

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StarOfWest  Visitor   Created Apr 13, 2016 15:58:53 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Hi Lisen,

Thank you for your answer, I have another query :)

Can you tell me how the QoS mapping between IP network and MPLS network it's implemented by default on Huawei systems? For example, an IP packet marked with DSCP value 48 which EXP marking will have?

Thanks!

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i84063804     Created Apr 13, 2016 16:16:50 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Hi Li Sen,

For VPN clients, do BGP routes have to be manually redistributed into MPBGP or are they automatically redistributed?

Thanks

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l00188222  Visitor   Created Apr 13, 2016 16:25:01 Helpful(0) Helpful(0)

Hi 007, 

Considering that you execute "trust DSCP" on ingress interface and add mpls-qos-ingress trust upstream default on system-view,
The DSCP 48 value is mapped to CS6 green and CS6 green is mapped to EXP value 6.
You can use below command to check how to system maps by default.

<HUAWEI> display diffserv domain name default
ip-dscp-inbound 48 phb cs6 green
mpls-exp-outbound cs6 green map 6

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