5G Roadmaps

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The European Commission signed an agreement with the 5G Infrastructure Association, representing
major industry players, to establish the 5G PPP, in order to accelerate research developments in
5G technology, supported by a public funding of around €700 million through the Horizon 2020
Programme, and the same amount from the private side. Furthermore, the telecommunications
industry will invest five to ten‐times this amount in 5G deployments outside the partnership [14].
The EU industry is set to complement this investment to more than €3 billion. Moreover, the
European Commission adopted an Action Plan [2] for a coordinated 5G deployment across all EU
member states, targeting early network introduction by 2018, and moving towards commercial large
scale introduction by the end of 2020. In order to support this timeline, spectrum should be made
available in the 5G pioneer bands [3]: at 700 MHz, within 3.4‐3.8 GHz, and at 26 GHz. Corresponding
activities at national level have been initiated, e.g., in Germany [15] and in the UK [16].

In the US, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) adopted a Report and Order [12] with
new rules to enable rapid development and deployment of next generation 5G technologies and services
in spectrum bands above 24 GHz. These new rules open up nearly 11 GHz for flexible, mobile
and fixed wireless broadband, comprising 3.85 GHz of licensed spectrum in the bands 27.5‐28.35 GHz,
37‐38.6 GHz, 38.6‐40 GHz, and 7 GHz of unlicensed spectrum at 64‐71 GHz. In addition, a government
research initiative has been launched [17], including an $85 million investment in advanced
wireless testing platforms by a public‐private effort, and an additional $350 million over the next
seven years in academic research that can utilize these testing platforms. An auction for spectrum in
the 600 MHz band in March 2017 resulted in 70 MHz for licensed use and 14 MHz for wireless microphones
and unlicensed use [18], to be freed from television usage by early 2020.

In South Korea, a pilot 5G mobile service is planned for the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang
in February 2018, and the rollout of 5G commercial services is foreseen for 2019 [19]. In Japan, commercial
5G networks are expected by 2020 in time for the Summer Olympics in Tokyo, or possibly
even for the rugby world cup in 2019 [11].

In China, 5G trials are scheduled in two phases, first technology
trials from 2015 to 2018, and second product trials from 2018 to 2020, with 5G commercial
deployment envisaged by end of 2020 [20].
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